What is Bitcoin Halving and How Does It Work?

Source: SekiApp

Halving in its literal state refers to “reduction by half”. It isn’t very distant from this meaning in the crypto world but has a different context. What is Bitcoin Halving?

Bitcoin Halving is a pre-programmed event that reduces the reward given to crypto miners by half approximately every four years. The Bitcoin block reward halves every 210,000 blocks or approximately every 4 years. This regular reduction in Bitcoin’s inflation rate is called the “halving”

The Halving is essential because it ensures that the supply of Bitcoin is kept in check and prevents inflation. The reduction of mining rewards means that the demand for Bitcoin is expected to increase, and its value is likely to surge in response. 

The last halving (the third) occurred in May 2020, reducing the reward from 12.5 to 6.25 BTC per block. Bitcoin Halving plays a crucial role in the long-term viability and scarcity of Bitcoin.

Halving From Past To Present: 1st to 4th

First Halving – November 28, 2012: The mining reward was reduced from 50 BTC to 25 BTC per block. The closing price on the halving day was $12.20. In the months following the halving, Bitcoin’s price surged from $13 to ~$1,000 by the end of 2013

Second Halving – July 9, 2016: The mining reward was halved from 25 BTC to 12.5 BTC per block. This event led to a significant increase in Bitcoin’s price over the following year

Third Halving – May 11, 2020: The reward dropped from 12.5 BTC to 6.25 BTC per block. This halving preceded a bull run that saw Bitcoin reach new all-time highs

Fourth Halving – April 19, 2024: The most recent halving reduced the mining reward from 6.25 BTC to 3.125 BTC per block. The long-term effects of this halving are yet to be fully realized, but it is expected to influence supply and demand dynamics as previous halvings have

How Bitcoin Halving Works

During the halving process, several things happen including the block reward for miners undergoing a significant reduction, typically cutting it in half. This event occurs periodically within the Bitcoin network, and it has a profound impact on several aspects of the cryptocurrency ecosystem.

Reduced Block Reward: The primary effect of halving is the decrease in the reward that miners receive for successfully mining a block. The initial block reward for Bitcoin was set at 50 BTC, and it has been halved several times since then. As a result, the last block reward was pegged at 6.25 BTC. The latest halving occurred on the 19th of April, 2024, after which the block reward was reduced to 3.125 BTC.

Scarcity of Bitcoin: The halving also significantly impacts the total supply of Bitcoin. With each halving event, the number of new bitcoins introduced into the system is reduced, making the overall supply scarcer. This scarcity is one of the key factors that drives the value of Bitcoin, as it follows the principles of supply and demand. As the scarcity increases, the value of each individual Bitcoin tends to appreciate, making it a potentially attractive investment.

Increased Miner Efficiency: The reduction in block rewards also affects the profitability of Bitcoin mining. As the reward decreases, miners may find it less profitable to continue mining unless they can compensate for the reduced revenue. This incentivizes miners to adopt more efficient mining techniques, such as using specialized hardware and optimizing their mining operations. Increased efficiency leads to lower operating costs and makes mining operations more sustainable in the long run.

Potential Market Volatility: The halving event can also trigger market volatility, as investors and traders anticipate its effects. The anticipation leading up to the event and the subsequent market reaction can result in price fluctuations. However, the long-term impact of halving on the market price of Bitcoin is still a subject of debate, with some analysts believing it has a significant positive effect, while others argue that its impact is more fine-tuned and influenced by various other factors.

How You Can Benefit from Bitcoin Halving

Bitcoin halving events have been a significant factor in driving up the market price of BTC. This is due to both natural economic factors and market sentiment influenced by media attention. When the halving event occurs, the block reward for miners is reduced by half, which decreases the supply of new Bitcoins entering the market. This, in turn, increases scarcity and tends to push prices up. Additionally, the halving event often generates a lot of media attention, which can further drive up prices due to increased interest and demand. When the price is up, your time to “cash out” just clicked!

For long-term investors/traders, the time leading up to a Bitcoin halving is often seen as an opportune time to buy and HODL BTC. This is because the price of BTC typically experiences a significant increase following the halving event. Therefore, by buying before the halving, investors can potentially purchase BTC at a relatively lower price and benefit from the price appreciation that often follows.

Furthermore, for those looking to enter the Bitcoin market but are unsure about the best time to buy, the Bitcoin halving period presents a compelling entry point. The halving creates a relatively reduced price, allowing users to accumulate BTC at a more affordable level. By HODLing (holding onto their BTC) during and after the halving, investors can potentially capitalize on the price gains that tend to materialize as the effects of the halving unfold.


Halving is a significant event in the Bitcoin network that involves reducing the block reward for miners, decreasing the total supply, influencing miner profitability, and potentially leading to market volatility. It is an essential mechanism designed to control the issuance of new bitcoins and ensure the long-term sustainability of the Bitcoin ecosystem.

It is important to note that investing in Bitcoin, like any investment, carries inherent risks. The cryptocurrency market is highly volatile, and prices can fluctuate rapidly. Therefore, while the Bitcoin halving period can present favorable opportunities, it is crucial for investors to conduct thorough research, understand the risks involved, and make informed decisions based on their financial goals and risk tolerance.

If you are willing to make the most of the opportunity the Bitcoin halving presents, SekiApp offers a convenient and easy-to-use platform for buying and selling Bitcoin at competitive rates. Register now to start trading!

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